ambrose/nixon COLLECTION, addendum 1
Earl K. Long Library
Historical / Biographical Note
Size: 3 linear feet
Inclusive dates: n.d., 1986 – 1988. Dates of originals from which photocopies were made: n.d., 1955 - 1981; dates of notes, correspondence, and secondary sources: 1960 - 1972.
Summary: Research materials gathered by Dr. Stephen E. Ambrose for his biography of Richard M. Nixon. Includes photocopies of newspaper clippings, pages from the State Papers of the Presidents, correspondence, memoranda, and notes in the National Archives, correspondence, notes, and photocopies of secondary sources created and/or assembled by Dr. Ambrose.
collections: Ambrose/Nixon Collection (Mss 180)
Source: Gift, December 1988
Access: No restrictions
rights are retained by the Earl K. Long Library,
Collection, Addendum 1, Earl K. Long
Historical / Biographical Note
verbatim from "Richard Milhous Nixon." Gale
Richard M. Nixon (1913-1994) took office as the thirty-seventh President of the
born in 1913 on a modest farm in
political career resembled a roller coaster ride. He served as President Dwight Eisenhower's
(1953-1961) vice president, and was unusually active in the role. But Nixon lost his campaign to succeed
Eisenhower in 1961 when he was defeated by John F. Kennedy (1961-1963). In 1962, Nixon again lost a bid for public
office, failing to gain the governor's seat of his native state,
campaign, Nixon promised a quick end to the Vietnam War, which was the source
of much social unrest at home, but once in office he actually expanded the war
before decreasing American involvement in the region. Though Nixon did not follow through on his
not the only item on Nixon's foreign policy agenda. It also included economics. Nixon re-opened trade and economic relations
Tying the U.S. dollar to the value of gold was seen by Nixon as an economic restriction. By ending the U.S. dollar's attachment to the gold standard, Nixon asserted he had done something long overdue, claiming "The strength of a nation's currency is based on the strength of that nation's economy." With his action the Gold Standard Act of 1900 ended. The nation's currency became subject to the floating exchange rates of the marketplace and endured well.
accomplishments as president are often overshadowed by the events that consumed
his second term in office, beginning in 1972.
Known collectively as the Watergate scandal, these events include
criminal acts against Nixon's perceived enemies. Watergate first came to national attention
when a break-in of the Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate
building was interrupted. The culprits
eventually revealed ties to the White House and Congress ordered an
investigation. Nixon was very uncooperative
and denied personal involvement in the affair.
However, Congress's determination to get to the bottom of the scandal
revealed that Nixon was indeed involved.
Rather than face almost certain impeachment and removal from office,
Nixon resigned on
Nixon went into seclusion for a time and later regained a kind of elder statesman status. He wrote several books on foreign policy and politics, including a personal memoir of his life. Nixon died of a stroke in 1994, at the age of eighty-one.
205-12 Notes. n.d.
Photocopies of newspaper clippings, pages from the State Papers of the Presidents, correspondence, memoranda, and notes in the National Archives.
205-3 January 1969 -
205-4 January 1970 -
205-8 January 1971 -
of secondary sources.
Ambrose, Stephen E.
Nixon, Richard M.