K & B ARCHIVES, ADDENDUM 3

 

 

(Mss 315)

 

 

Earl K. Long Library

University of New Orleans

 

June 2005

 

 

Inventory

 

 

Summary

 

Historical Note

 

List of Series and Subseries

 

Container List

 

Index Terms

 

Index

 

Procedures for Requesting Special Collections Materials

 

 

 

Summary

 

 

Size:                          6 linear feet

 

Geographic

locations:                 Chiefly New Orleans, La.

 

Inclusive dates:      1868-2003

 

Bulk dates:              1905-1997

 

Summary:                Business records of K & B, Inc., formerly known as Katz & Besthoff, Limited, a chain of drug stores that operated from 1905 to 1997.  Headquartered in New Orleans, the company operated stores in Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Tennessee, and Texas, as well.

 

Related

collections:              Karen Harris Collection of Printed Ephemera (Mss 303); K & B Archives (Mss 310); K & B Archives, Addendum 1 (Mss 313); K & B Archives, Addendum 2 (Mss 314)

 

Source:                     Gift, December 2004

 

Access:                     No restrictions

 

Citation:                    K & B Archives, Addendum 3, Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans

 

 

 

Historical Note

 

 

Katz & Besthoff, Ltd.—widely known as K & B, which became its corporate name in 1977, or KB for short—was born of a casual conversation that took place in April 1905 in Gustave Katz’s drug store at the intersection of St. Charles and Jackson Avenues.  After earning a degree at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy in the early 1890s, Katz had returned to his native New Orleans and obtained a job at Eugene May’s drugstore at 601 Canal Street.  In 1896 the twenty-five-year-old struck out on his own.  Quickly his name became synonymous with integrity in business dealings, competitive prices, and accuracy in filling prescriptions, which were routinely checked by a second pharmacist.  Katz met Sydney Besthoff, the proprietor of a thriving drug store in Memphis, at the latter’s wedding to a New Orleans bride, and when the young couple decided to make their home in the city, he proposed a partnership.[1]

 

            Sydney Besthoff already had identified a site in the heart of the shopping district, and later in 1905 the new firm of Katz & Besthoff opened the doors of its store at 732 Canal Street.  The partners incorporated the contents of Katz’s store and adopted his practice of permitting his customers to open charge accounts and purchase goods on credit.  Katz handled the technical end of the business, managing the finances and watching over the pharmacy; Besthoff welcomed customers, monitored activity on the floor, and suggested fresh ideas.  He also contributed the first syllable of his surname to the firm’s slogan, “Only the Best.”  With a shared dedication, determination, and emphasis on quality, the partners prospered.  In 1910 they established a second store at 837 Canal Street.  Ten years later K & B ventured uptown, opening a third store at St. Charles and Louisiana Avenues, and in 1923 a fourth at South Carrollton Avenue and Oak Street.  Eighteen stores celebrated the fiftieth anniversary in 1955, the year in which K & B filled its ten millionth prescription.  Twenty years later the count had risen to forty-seven million.[2]

 

            In 1926 Sydney Besthoff died of a heart attack and his son, also a registered pharmacist who was familiar with the company, succeeded him.  After Gustave Katz died in 1940, the Besthoff family bought out the Katzes and became the sole owner.  The Katz name—or initial—remained part of the firm’s name, however, for as long as it stayed in business.  In 1962 management passed to Sydney Besthoff III, whose association with the business began in 1939 when, as a twelve-year-old, he worked in the new photofinishing operation, located in the store at 1011 Canal Street.  Under his leadership, K & B flourished as never before.  In 1966 the firm expanded beyond New Orleans, opening a store across Lake Pontchartrain in Slidell, then in Baton Rouge, then in other states.  Growth slowed considerably in the 1980s when the oil boom stopped booming but resumed in the 1990s with the acquisition of eight OSCO drug stores in Memphis, coming full circle to the city where the first Sydney Besthoff had begun.  When Rite Aid bought the chain in July 1997, it numbered one hundred eighty-six stores in six states (Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Tennessee, and Texas, as well as Louisiana), employing a staff of more than forty-eight hundred.  Over forty-two hundred of them stayed on with Rite Aid.[3]

 

            Endeavoring to give their clientele what they wanted, K & B adopted a broad-spectrum marketing strategy long before most drugstores did, selling everything from holiday decorations to garden hoses to tubes for 1950s televisions to home permanents to cigars to pet supplies, in addition to prescriptions and over-the-counter medications.  Although many of these goods came from national manufacturers, K & B marketed numerous products under its own brand.  The selection of K & B beverages, for example, included cola, beer, burgundy, port, and a whiskey called Sir Sidney.  The store brand appeared also on baby oil, aspirin, antihistamine, suppositories, nasal spray, sleeping pills, vitamins, bandages, antiseptic, cream for athlete’s foot, antacids, batteries, matches, camera film, clocks, pencils, ballpoint pens, hurricane tracking charts, and street maps with all the K & B stores marked, to name but a few.[4]

 

            One of the best examples of a native product was K & B ice cream, which came not only in the traditional flavors, but also in locally popular cherry vanilla, eggnog, and cream cheese.  Soda fountains had existed in New Orleans since at least the 1830s, and they enjoyed considerable patronage, especially during the hot months of long Louisiana summers; one version of the creation of the ice cream sundae holds that it originated in the Crescent City.  Because fewer cases of colds and flu occurred during the summertime, it was the pharmacy’s slack season, and income from the soda fountains supplemented the decline in revenue from prescriptions.  At K & B they offset each other so neatly that except in December, month-to-month revenues never varied more than five percent.[5]

 

            Several variations of the story of how purple became the company color exist.  One version dates the association with purple from 1908, another from 1911; surely it began in “the days before paper bags, when products purchased at a pharmacy would have been wrapped in brown kraft paper and tied with a string.  An unnamed New Orleans merchant had ordered a railroad car load of purple wrapping paper for a special promotion.  But when it arrived, the merchant didn’t like the color.  The paper was discounted below the cost of the regular kraft paper and K & B scooped it up.”  It was good advertising, for as customers carried their purple parcels home, everyone knew where they had shopped.  When the first shipment of purple paper ran out, more was ordered.  The color inspired a variation on the firm’s slogan: “If it’s purple on the outside, it’s only the BEST from Katz & BESThoff on the inside.”[6]  Purple became inextricably connected with the firm, which incorporated it in signs, packaging, and newspaper advertising.  The last of these uses caused the New Orleans Times-Picayune to be the nation’s biggest consumer of purple ink.  With so much purple everywhere, it is hardly surprising that its distinctive shade—“not quite lavender, not quite violet—has entered the local vocabulary as ‘K & B purple.’”[7]

 

At the same time Rite Aid acquired K & B, it also bought one hundred forty-six Harco Drug Stores, based in Alabama.  The two buyouts made the thirty-five-year-old chain the nation’s largest, with nearly four thousand drug stores in thirty-one states, and gave it a new presence on the Gulf Coast.  Separate purchase prices were not announced, but the combined cost of K & B and Harco approached $340,000,000.  For that sum of money, Rite Aid “[stood] to gain their $838,000,000 in sales[, $580,000,000 of which came from K & B,] without all of the additional management costs of running the stores.”  Although large chains had been gobbling up small, family-operated stores for years, New Orleans had largely resisted the trend.  Pharmacies, however, had something more than changing times with which to contend: changing health care.  “Analysts agree[d] that the growth of health maintenance organizations and other types of health care insurance plans commonly lumped under the banner ‘managed care’ . . . brought the small and mid-sized companies to the brink.”  Only large, high-volume chains could withstand the pricing pressure, and K & B was sold while it was still profitable.[8]

 

Writing in the Atlanta Journal and Constitution, Anne Rochell explained that “all the fuss over a dying drug store chain [was] because a battle for the soul of New Orleans was being waged, and, for the moment, the outsiders [were] winning.”  She noted that “To an outsider, the K & B drug stores here were nothing but boxy buildings with funny purple signs—a bit of an eyesore next to the mansions along St. Charles Avenue.  But natives loved them, and when . . . Rite Aid bought them out, many vowed they would never shop there again.”  Surprised by consumers’ devotion to the sign of the purple, Rite Aid officials proceeded more slowly than they had planned to introduce their own logo and slogan.  At some point during the years, however, K & B “became not only a trusted business establishment, but a cultural icon on the New Orleans landscape,” and customers became friends.[9]

 

Notes

 

Excerpted from a paper by Florence M. Jumonville, first presented at the Popular Culture Association Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 17, 2003.

[1]Sandie Gauthreaux, “A History of K&B,” The K&B Connection 8.1 (September 1997): 1, 3; New Orleans City Directory, 1896.  Based on records still possessed by K&B and on interviews with Sydney Besthoff III, Gauthreaux’s article began as a paper she wrote as a student at Our Lady of Holy Cross College in New Orleans.  It was published in its entirety in the final issue of The K&B Connection, a newspaper for employees.

2Gauthreaux, “History of K&B,” 1-2.

3Ibid., 1-3; James J. LeBlanc, “The End or the Beginning?,” The K&B Connection 8.1 (September 1997): 4; Gregory S. Nelson, “K&B Lives!,” University of New Orleans Magazine 28 (Fall 2002): 11; Betty Keith, quoted by Angus Lind, “Purple Prose: Whimsical Cookbook Is Fondly Recalled,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, June 17, 1998, p. E1 (quotation).

4Liz Scott, “Chemistry Set: How Mr. Katz and Mr. Besthoff Started an Empire,” New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 2 (November 1997), 21; Errol Laborde, “Purple Passion,” New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 12 (September 1997): 120.  This collection includes examples of most of the K&B products mentioned here, as well as others.

5Gauthreaux, “A History of K&B,” 1-2; Anne Cooper Funderburg, Sundae Best: A History of Soda Fountains (Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 2002), 31, 63, 125; Scott, “Chemistry Set,” 20; James Slaton, “They All Screamed for K&B Ice Cream,” New Orleans Citibusiness 23 (September 15, 1997): 1, 42.

6Julie Landry, “K&B Purple Fading Away,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, July 31, 1997, p. 1G; Scott, “Chemistry Set,” 20; Nelson, “K&B Lives!,” 10-11, based on an interview with Sydney J. Besthoff III (quotation).

7Nelson, “K&B Lives!,” 10-11, based on an interview with Sydney J. Besthoff III; Anne Rochell, “The Americanization of New Orleans,” Atlanta Journal and Constitution, June 21, 1998, p. 01C (quotation).

8King, “Retailing Giant Rite Aid to Buy K&B Drugs Inc.”; Rite Aid Corp., “History,” <http://www.riteaid.com/company_info/history.php>, accessed April 15, 2003; Ronette King, “Little Guys Struggle against Big Operators,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, July 30, 1997, p. A3 (first quotation); Kathy Finn, “Looking Beyond the Sale of K&B Drugstores,” New Orleans Citibusiness 25 (July 28, 1997): 1, 37 (second quotation).

9Rochell, “Americanization of New Orleans” (first and second quotations); “Purple Pros Know Where to Go Saturday,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, June 5, 1998, p. L15; Louisiana State Archives, “Louisiana’s Jewish Community: Katz & Besthoff,” <http://www.sec.state.la.us/archives/jewish/JHKB.HTM>, accessed April 12, 2003 (third quotation).

 

 

 

List of Series and Subseries

 

 

Series I.  K & B Auditors Reports

                  Subseries I.1 Katz & Besthoff, Ltd. (K & B) Financial Statements

                  Subseries I.2 Katz & Besthoff, Inc. Financial Statements

                  Subseries I.3 Besthoff Realty Company, Inc. Financial Statements

Subseries I.4 Virlane Foundation (formerly Katz & Besthoff Foundation) Financial Statements

Subseries I.5 Katz & Besthoff Foundation Financial Statements

                        Subseries I.6 Katz & Besthoff Employees’ Savings and Retirement Plan Financial Statements

                        Subseries I.7 K & B Pension Plan Financial Statements

                  Subseries I.8 Katz & Besthoff Profit Sharing Trust Financial Statements

                  Subseries I.9 K & B Thrift Plan Financial Statements

 

Series II.  K & B General Information File

 

Series III.  Stockholders and Board of Directors Meeting Minutes

 

Series IV.  Formulae

 

Series V.  Items Manufactured or Distributed by K & B with the Company Logo

                  Subseries V.1               Coupon Books

                  Subseries V.2        Oral Hygiene Products

 

 

 

Container List

 

 

BOX 1

 

Series I.         K & B Auditors Reports

 

            Subseries I.1.  Katz & Besthoff, Ltd. (K & B) Financial Statements

See also K & B Auditors Reports in K & B Archives, Addendum 1 (Mss 313), 313-1 through 313-7, covering 1983-1990.

315-1                                        September 30, 1948.  Liquidation Audit

315-2                                        September 30, 1948

315-3                                        September 30, 1948.  Balance Sheet

315-4                                        September 30, 1947

315-5                                        September 30, 1947.  Balance Sheet (2 copies)

315-6                                        September 30, 1946

315-7                                        September 30, 1945

315-8                                        September 30, 1945.  Balance Sheet

315-9                                        September 30, 1944

315-10                                   September 30, 1944.  Balance Sheet

315-11                                   September 30, 1943

315-12                                   September 30, 1942 (Copy 1)

315-13                                   September 30, 1942 (Copy 1)

315-14                                   September 30, 1941.  With inventory departmentized, December 31, 1940 vs. December 31, 1940

315-15                                   December 31, 1940

315-16                                   December 31, 1939.  With “Inventory Departmentized, 1939 vs. 1938” and Profit and Loss Accounts

315-17                                   December 31, 1939.  Balance Sheet

315-18                                   December 31, 1938

315-19                                   December 31, 1938.  Balance Sheet

315-20                                   December 31, 1937.  With “Inventory Departmentized, Dec. 1938 vs. Dec. 1937”

315-21                                   December 31, 1936

 

 

BOX 2

 

315-22                                   December 31, 1935

315-23                                   December 31, 1934

315-24                                   December 31, 1933.  With “Comparative Operating Results in Percentages,” 1931-1933”

315-25                                   December 31, 1932

315-26                                   June 30, 1932

315-27                                   December 31, 1931

315-28                                   December 31, 1930.  With Profit and Loss Accounts, 1930 and 1931

315-29                                   December 31, 1929

315-30                                   December 31, 1929.  Balance Sheet

315-31                                   December 31, 1928

315-32                                   December 31, 1928.  Balance Sheet

315-33                                   December 31, 1927

315-34                                   December 31, 1926

315-35                                   December 31, 1925

315-36                                   December 31, 1924

315-37                                   December 31, 1924.  Balance Sheet (2 copies)

315-38                                   December 31, 1922

315-39                                   December 31, 1921

315-40                                   December 31, 1920

315-41                                   December 31, 1918

 

 

BOX 3

 

            Subseries I.2.  Katz & Besthoff, Inc. Financial Statements

See also K & B Auditors Reports in K & B Archives, Addendum 1 (Mss 313), 313-33 through 313-72, covering 1967-1996.

315-42                                   September 30, 1980

315-43                                   September 30, 1979

315-44                                   September 30, 1978

315-45                                   September 30, 1977

315-46                                   September 30, 1976

315-47                                   September 30, 1975

315-48                                   September 30, 1974

315-49                                   September 30, 1973 (Copy 1)

315-50                                   September 30, 1973 (Copy 2)

315-51                                   September 30, 1972 (Copy 1)

315-52                                   September 30, 1972 (Copy 2)

315-53                                   September 30, 1971 (Copy 1)

315-54                                   September 30, 1971 (Copy 2)

315-55                                   September 30, 1970 (Copy 1)

315-56                                   September 30, 1970 (Copy 2)

315-57                                   September 30, 1969 (Copy 1)

315-58                                   September 30, 1969 (Copy 2)

315-59                                   September 30, 1968 (Copy 1)

315-60                                   September 30, 1968 (Copy 2)

315-61                                   September 30, 1967 (Copy 1)

315-62                                   September 30, 1967 (Copy 2)

 

 

BOX 4

 

315-63                                   September 30, 1966 (Copy 1)

315-64                                   September 30, 1966 (Copy 2)

315-65                                   September 30, 1965 (Copy 1)

315-66                                   September 30, 1965 (Copy 2)

315-67                                   September 30, 1964 (Copy 1)

315-68                                   September 30, 1964 (Copy 2)

315-69                                   September 30, 1964.  Balance Sheet

315-70                                   September 30, 1963 (Copy 1)

315-71                                   September 30, 1963 (Copy 2)

315-72                                   September 30, 1963.  Balance Sheet

315-73                                   September 30, 1962

315-74                                   September 30, 1962.  Balance Sheet (2 copies)

315-75                                   September 30, 1961 (Copy 1)

315-76                                   September 30, 1961 (Copy 2)

315-77                                   September 30, 1961.  Balance Sheet

315-78                                   September 30, 1960 (Copy 1)

315-79                                   September 30, 1960 (Copy 2)

315-80                                   September 30, 1960.  Katz & Besthoff No. 20

315-81                                   September 30, 1960.  Katz & Besthoff No. 21

315-82                                   September 30, 1959

315-83                                   September 30, 1959.  Balance Sheet

315-84                                   September 30, 1958

315-85                                   September 30, 1958.  Balance Sheet

 

 

BOX 5

 

315-86                                   September 30, 1957

315-87                                   September 30, 1957.  Balance Sheet September 30, 1956

315-88                                   September 30, 1956

315-89                                   September 30, 1956.  Balance Sheet

315-90                                   September 30, 1955

315-91                                   September 30, 1955.  Balance Sheet

315-92                                   September 30, 1954

315-93                                   September 30, 1954.  Balance Sheet

315-94                                   September 30, 1953 (photocopy)

315-95                                   September 30, 1952 (Copy 1)

315-96                                   September 30, 1952 (Copy 2, photocopy)

315-97                                   September 30, 1951 (Copy 1)

315-98                                   September 30, 1951 (Copy 2, photocopy)

315-99                                   September 30, 1951.  Balance Sheet

315-100                               September 30, 1950 (Copy 1)

315-101                               September 30, 1950 (Copy 2, photocopy)

315-102                               September 30, 1949 (Copy 1).  With “Analysis of Surplus,” 1942-1949, and “Operating P&L,” 1942-1949

315-103                               September 30, 1949 (Copy 2, photocopy)

315-104                               September 30, 1949.  Balance Sheet

 

Subseries I.3.  Besthoff Realty Company, Inc. Financial Statements

 

315-105                               September 30, 1952

315-106                               September 30, 1950

 

 

BOX 6

 

Subseries I.4.  Virlane Foundation (formerly Katz & Besthoff Foundation) Financial Statements

315-107                               September 30, 1980 and 1979

315-108                               September 30, 1979 and 1978

315-109                               September 30, 1978 and 1977

 

Subseries I.5.  Katz & Besthoff Foundation Financial Statements

See also K & B Auditors Reports in K & B Archives, Addendum 1 (Mss 313), 313-83 through 313-93, covering 1967-1977.

315-110                               September 30, 1977

315-111                               September 30, 1976

315-112                               September 30, 1975

315-113                               September 30, 1974

315-114                               September 30, 1973

315-115                               September 30, 1972

315-116                               September 30, 1971

315-117                               September 30, 1970

315-118                               September 30, 1969

315-119                               September 30, 1967

315-120                               September 30, 1961

315-121                               September 30, 1960

 

Subseries I.6.  Katz & Besthoff, Inc. Employees’ Savings and Retirement Plan Financial Statements

See also K & B Auditors Reports in K & B Archives, Addendum 1 (Mss 313), 313-27 through 313-32, covering 1992-1997.

315-122                               December 31, 1977

315-123                               December 31, 1976

315-124                               December 31, 1975

315-125                               December 31, 1974

315-126                               December 31, 1973 and 1972

315-127                               December 31, 1972

315-128                               September 30, 1971 and December 31, 1971, with supplementary information

315-129                               September 30, 1970

315-130                               September 30, 1969

315-131                               September 30, 1967

315-132                               September 30, 1960

 

Subseries I.7.  K & B Pension Plan Financial Statements

See also K & B Auditors Reports in K & B Archives, Addendum 1 (Mss 313), 313-73 through 313-82, covering 1981-1990.

315-133                               December 31, 1980 and 1979

315-134                               December 31, 1979 and 1978

315-135                               December 31, 1978

315-136                               December 31, 1977

 

 

BOX 7

 

            Subseries I.8.  Katz & Besthoff Profit Sharing Trust Financial Statements

315-137                               December 31, 1976

315-138                               December 31, 1975

315-139                               December 31, 1974

315-140                               December 31, 1973 and 1972, with supplementary information

315-141                               December 31, 1972, with supplementary information

315-142                               December 31, 1971, with supplementary information

315-143                               December 31, 1970

315-144                               December 31, 1969, with supplementary information

 

Subseries I.9.  K & B Thrift Plan Financial Statements

See also K & B Auditors Reports in K & B Archives, Addendum 1 (Mss 313), 313-8 through 313-23, covering 1981-1996.

315-145                               December 31, 1980 and 1979

315-146                               December 31, 1979 and 1978

315-147                               December 31, 1978 and 1977

 

 

BOX 8

 

Series II.  K & B General Information File

 

315-148                               K & B Stores Roster, February 17, 1997

315-149                               K & B Store History, February 18, 1997

315-150                               Owned Properties History, April 8, 2003

 

 

Series III.  Stockholders and Board of Directors Meeting Minutes

See also Stockholders and Board of Directors Meeting Minutes in K & B Archives, Addendum 1 (Mss 313), 313-110 through 313-163, covering 1946-1996

 

315-151                               Minute Book#1, November 1905 – May 1923

315-152                               Katz & Besthoff Partnership Agreement, November 2, 1905 (photocopy; removed from Minute Book #1, 315-151)

315-153                               Minute Book #2, June 1923 - December 1929

315-154                               Minute Book #3, January 1930 - December 1939

315-155                               Minute Book #4, January 1940 - December 1945

 

 

BOX 9

 

Series IV.  Formulae

 

315-156                               Gustave Katz’s record of prescriptions filled, [ca. 1903]

 

 

BOX 10

 

315-157                               Pharmacal book #1, Sydney Besthoff [not later than 1926]

315-158                               Pharmacal book #2

315-159                               Loose items removed from Pharmacal book #2, 315-158

315-160                               Pharmacal book #3

315-161                               Loose items removed from Pharmacal book #3, 315-160

315-162                               Katz & Besthoff Ltd. Laboratory formula file, [ca. 1940s]

315-163                               B. Ornato’s Receipt Book, Parfumery, 1868

315-164                               Loose items removed from B. Ornato’s Receipt Book, 315-163

 

 

Series V.  Items Manufactured or Distributed by K & B with the Company Logo

 

            Subseries V.1.  Coupon Books

315-165                               Coupon book (9 copies)

315-166                               Coupon book, 3d ed.

315-167                               Coupon book, 4th ed. (3 copies)

315-168                               Coupon book, 25th anniversary ed.

 

 

BOX 11

 

            Subseries V.2.  Oral Hygiene Products

See also Oral Hygiene Products in K & B Archives (Mss 310), 310-93 through 310-95

315-169                               Viadent toothbrush

315-170                               Viadent tongue cleanser

315-171                               Viadent bodkin

315-172                               Viadent polishing tape [dental floss] (5 containers in original box)

 

 

 

Index Terms

 

 

Besthoff, Sydney

Besthoff, Sydney J., III

K & B Drug Stores (Firm)

Katz, Gustave

Ornato, B.

Pharmacy—LouisianaNew Orleans

Virlane Foundation

 



Excerpted from a paper by Florence M. Jumonville, first presented at the Popular Culture Association Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 17, 2003.

[1]Sandie Gauthreaux, “A History of K&B,” The K&B Connection 8.1 (September 1997): 1, 3; New Orleans City Directory, 1896.  Based on records still possessed by K&B and on interviews with Sydney Besthoff III, Gauthreaux’s article began as a paper she wrote as a student at Our Lady of Holy Cross College in New Orleans.  It was published in its entirety in the final issue of The K&B Connection, a newspaper for employees.

[2]Gauthreaux, “History of K&B,” 1-2.

[3]Ibid., 1-3; James J. LeBlanc, “The End or the Beginning?,” The K&B Connection 8.1 (September 1997): 4; Gregory S. Nelson, “K&B Lives!,” University of New Orleans Magazine 28 (Fall 2002): 11; Betty Keith, quoted by Angus Lind, “Purple Prose: Whimsical Cookbook Is Fondly Recalled,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, June 17, 1998, p. E1 (quotation).

[4]Liz Scott, “Chemistry Set: How Mr. Katz and Mr. Besthoff Started an Empire,” New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 2 (November 1997), 21; Errol Laborde, “Purple Passion,” New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 12 (September 1997): 120.  This collection includes examples of most of the K&B products mentioned here, as well as others.

[5]Gauthreaux, “A History of K&B,” 1-2; Anne Cooper Funderburg, Sundae Best: A History of Soda Fountains (Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 2002), 31, 63, 125; Scott, “Chemistry Set,” 20; James Slaton, “They All Screamed for K&B Ice Cream,” New Orleans Citibusiness 23 (September 15, 1997): 1, 42.

[6]Julie Landry, “K&B Purple Fading Away,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, July 31, 1997, p. 1G; Scott, “Chemistry Set,” 20; Nelson, “K&B Lives!,” 10-11, based on an interview with Sydney J. Besthoff III (quotation).

[7]Nelson, “K&B Lives!,” 10-11, based on an interview with Sydney J. Besthoff III; Anne Rochell, “The Americanization of New Orleans,” Atlanta Journal and Constitution, June 21, 1998, p. 01C (quotation).

[8]King, “Retailing Giant Rite Aid to Buy K&B Drugs Inc.”; Rite Aid Corp., “History,” <http://www.riteaid.com/company_info/history.php>, accessed April 15, 2003; Ronette King, “Little Guys Struggle against Big Operators,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, July 30, 1997, p. A3 (first quotation); Kathy Finn, “Looking Beyond the Sale of K&B Drugstores,” New Orleans Citibusiness 25 (July 28, 1997): 1, 37 (second quotation).

[9]Rochell, “Americanization of New Orleans” (first and second quotations); “Purple Pros Know Where to Go Saturday,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, June 5, 1998, p. L15; Louisiana State Archives, “Louisiana’s Jewish Community: Katz & Besthoff,” <http://www.sec.state.la.us/archives/jewish/JHKB.HTM>, accessed April 12, 2003 (third quotation).