Armando GÓmez de Velasco collection
Earl K. Long Library
Size: 9 volumes (0.5 linear foot)
Inclusive dates: 1909-1951
Bulk dates: 1909-1915
Summary: Collection of miscellaneous material compiled by Armando Gómez de Velasco, who served in the Mexican Revolution as an officer in the armies of Francisco Madero and Francisco “Pancho” Villa, and who was involved with a magazine of political satire during that time. Includes manuscripts, typescripts, telegrams, photographs, newspapers, and extensive ephemera pertaining to the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). Volumes are bound by hand and are titled and dated on the covers; actual dates of contents vary slightly. The collection once contained additional volumes which are not present.
Source: Gift, 2004
Access: No restrictions
rights are retained by the Earl K. Long Library,
Gómez de Velasco Collection, Earl K. Long Library,
The Mexican Revolution, one of the
most well-known and wide-ranging of Latin American revolutions, began in 1910
when Mexicans of all classes rebelled against the dictatorship of President
Porfirio Diáz (1830-1915; president, 1876-1880, 1884-1911). During the early years of the twentieth
century, Diáz governed with increasing rigidity. Meanwhile,
Although Madero enacted successful
reforms, he was slow to move toward the economic and land reforms desired by
After Huerta’s ouster, the various
revolutionary factions could not agree on what direction in which to move the
country. In October 1914, a convention
was held in
After his victory, Carranza
organized a convention which resulted in the creation of the Constitution of
1917. Still in effect today, that
constitution stressed land reform, which resulted in the ejido, or farm cooperative
program, that redistributed much of the country’s land from the wealthy
landholders to the peasants. The ejidos
are still in place today and comprise nearly half of all the farmland in
additional information, see biographical sketches of the revolutionary laders
In 1909, before the outbreak of the
Revolution, Armando Gómez de Velasco was a journalist and revolutionary writer in
the states of Zacatecas and Tamaulipas, allied with Francisco I. Madero. On the eve of the Revolution in 1910, he went
After the assassination of Madero in
1913, Gómez de Velasco became involved with the publication of Caras y caretas (Faces and Masks), a weekly journal of political satire in
In 1914, fighting broke out between the Constitutionalist Army of Venustiano Carranza and the Conventionalist Army of Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata/ Gómez de Velasco commanded the ‘Brigada Melchor Ocampo’ with the rank of Teniente Coronel de Estado Mayor in the army of General Manuel Chao, fighting on the side of the Conventionalists.
By the 1940s, Gómez de Velasco had become a physician.
328-1 “1909 a 1949, Algunas Fotografias Del Archivo Revolucionario.”
Photographs of Armando Gómez de Velasco and otherMexican revolutionaries, pasted on the verso of unrelated correspondence, 1943-1951. Includes photographs of Velasco with Francisco Madero, as well as biographical information on Velasco.
328-2 “Legajo de la Revolucion, 1910 Abril 5 – Mayo 30. Cabecilla.”
Bound volume. Contains a declaration of support for Francisco Madero by a revolutionary group, signed by its members, and several lists of revolutionaries indicating personal information, available armaments, and payroll records. Also includes two letters ans an accompanying card indicating support for Madero.
328-3 “Legajo de la Revolucion, 1911 Junio – Agosto. Licenciamiento Ejercito Libertador Iformacion 16vo Cuerpo Rural y Piquete en Disponibilidad.”
volume. Primarily consists of lists of
members of a military unit commanded by Gómez de Velasco in the Zona Norte of the State of
328-4 “Legajo de la Revolucion, 1911. Columna Expedicionaria de Caballeria, Columna de Artilleria Expedicionaria 24 Sepitembre a 30 Octubre, Mayor Amando Gómez y Velasco, Mayor Federal de Artillerio Eduardo Ocaranza.”
Bound volume. Contains records of an artillery and cavalry unit commanded by Velasco. Includes maps, lists of troops and officers, correspondence, commissary receipts, and reports from Gómez de Velasco to his superiors as well as reports to Velasco from his lieutenants.
328-5 “Legajo de la Revolucion, 1911
Marzo – Septiembre. Subteniente,
Teniente, Capitan segundo, capitan primero, Mayor. Del Estado Mayor
Bound volume. Includes list of passengers on Madero’s presidential train, recruitment poster for Madero’s army, printed decree from Madero, correspondence with Velasco’s family, menus from banquets and programs for events in honor of Madero, and printed manifestos, as well as other correspondence and printed ephemera.
328-6 “Legajo de la Revolucion, 1911 Octubre 30 a Diciembre 31. Jefe de Estado Mayor de Gral. A. del Pozo.”
Bound volume. Contains commissary records and receipts for food and foraging, a speech made by Velasco, fundraising records, lists of available horses and troops, and newspaper clippings and written accounts of Velasco’s defense of a prisoner sentenced to death, as well as other correspondence and printed ephemera.
328-7 “Legajo de la Revolucion, 1911 Noviembre a Diciembre. Piquete en Disponibilidades.”
Bound volume. Contains documents transferring horses to Velasco, lists of horses, other correspondence.
328-8 “Legajo de la Revolucion, 1914. Originales ‘Caras y Caretas.’”
Bound volume. Contains a variety of material relating to Caras y Caretas (Faces and Masks), a weekly “journal of political caricatures of terrible combat, without fear of landing in prison.” Primarily original copies of articles, poems, and songs contained in then magazine. Also includes a copy of the September 27, 1912 edition of the newspaper El Chango.
328-9 “Legajo de la Revolucion, 1915 Enero – Septiembre.”
Bound volume. Contains a printed general order of Francisco Villa and Emiliano Zapata’s Conventionalist Army including Velasco’s brigade, a copy of the January 4, 1915 edition of the newspapers La Opinion and El Monitor announcing Velasco’s command. Also contains orders and reports relating to Velasco’s command of this brigade; a copy of the March 11, 1915 edition of El Heraldo discussing the arrival of Emiliano Zapata’s army on the outskirts of Mexico City; a copy of the March 12, 1915 edition of the newspaper El Mundo discussing Zapata’s arrival and the capture of Tampico by the Conventionalist Army; printed manifestos from Pablo Gonzalez, Venustiano Carranza’s Partido Nacionalista Democratico, and the Partido Nacional Socialista.
Madero, Francisco I.
Newspapers and periodicals—
Velasco, Armando Gómez de